عنوان مقاله [English]
introduction: This study was conducted to determine the political-economic factors that play a risk-reducing role in petrochemical companies listed on the Tehran Stock Exchange with a financial and marketing approach.
Methodology: In quantitative assessment of political-cultural factors, arbitrage pricing model and adverse risk in the petrochemical industry and a questionnaire and analysis of answers with beta coefficient of MATLAB and Excel software were used. In qualitative assessment (ranking) of political-cultural factors with marketing-financial approach and 3 samples of questionnaires were used and these questionnaires were analyzed through Friedman ranking test in SPSS software.
Findings: Quantitative findings indicate that the return on stocks of the portfolio of petrochemical companies listed on the Tehran Stock Exchange shows an unfavorable stock risk, which qualitative findings indicate that political factors such as government support for foreign investment and Joint ventures are the most important factor in reducing this unfavorable risk in the petrochemical industry. Also, increasing the export of petrochemical products has been identified as another important factor in reducing risk in the petrochemical industry.
Conclusion: The highest risk that threatens the return of shares in the portfolio of petrochemical companies is due to political and cultural factors, laws and regulations, technology, etc.